Mattress Sizes and Dimensions Guide
Whether you’re remodeling the bedroom or upgrading your mattress, it’s helpful to determine the best mattress size for your space. The number of options in today’s market can be overwhelming. What’s the difference between a full and a queen? How big is a California king? This comprehensive mattress dimension guide answers all of those questions and more.
Once you’ve learned a little about today’s mattress sizes, we’ll help you choose the best mattress for your home and lifestyle.
Mattress Dimensions Guide
Standard mattress sizes, dimensions, and names vary from country to country. Two mattresses of the same size may even have slight variations by manufacturer. If you live in the U.S., these mattress dimensions are considered standard across brands. In general, standard mattress depths range from about 9-13 inches when the high contour is considered.
Remember, widths can vary between the U.K. and the United States, so check the dimensions before you order those fancy European sheets online. According to the International Sleep Products Association, most beds are 74 or 80 inches long in the U.S. Meanwhile, the length is typically 75 or 78 inches in the U.K. It seems minimal but makes a big difference when considering the fit of a frame and sheets.
Below, you find the standard mattress dimensions for the U.S. and Canada along with helpful information and common misconceptions about these mattress sizes. We’ve also included a handy room guide to know what size bed your room can accommodate.
Mattress Size Chart
|Mattress Size||Dimensions in Inches||Dimensions in Centimeters|
|Twin||38 inches by 75 inches||96.5 cm by 190.5 cm|
|Twin XL||38 inches by 80 inches||96.5 cm by 203.2 cm|
|Full||53 inches by 75 inches||134.6 cm by 190.5 cm|
|Full XL||53 inches by 80 inches||134.6 cm by 203.2 cm|
|Queen||60 inches by 80 inches||152.4 cm by 203.2 cm|
|King||76 inches by 80 inches||193.04 cm by 203.2 cm|
|California King||72 inches by 84 inches||182.8 cm by 213.3 cm|
Full Size Crib Mattress
Crib mattress dimensions: 27.25 inches by 51.25 inches
Minimum recommended room size: 7 by 10 feet
Since safety is a top priority for cribs, the size of cribs and mattresses is regulated by the federal government. A full size crib mattress must be at least 27 1/4 inches wide and 51 1/4 inches long. The mattress cannot be more than 6 inches thick.
A crib, of course, won’t take up much room. But it’s important to keep in mind most building codes require a bedroom to measure at least 70 square feet, like a 7-by-10-foot room. The ceiling height must also reach 7 feet, 6 inches.
You can certainly create a cozy nursery in an attic room or something comparable to fit a crib and a comfy chair. However, these smaller rooms won’t be considered bedrooms when it comes to a real estate listing. No matter what, make sure there is a planned fire escape route if you are squeezing things in tightly.
Twin Size Bed
Twin size bed dimensions: 38 by 75 inches
Minimum recommended room size: 7 by 10 feet
The humble twin size mattress is the smallest of the standard bed sizes. At just 38 by 75 inches long, the twin is considered the minimum size needed for the average adult to sleep comfortably.
Twin mattresses are not the best option for those over six feet tall. However, since the majority of the world is under six feet, twin beds work for most sleepers.
Twin size beds are fantastic for smaller rooms. College dorm rooms are the perfect spot for the twin size bed, as are studio apartments. Twins also work well for multipurpose guest rooms or rooms with multiple beds in them. Think kids’ rooms or bunk beds.
Twin size beds are also a highly convenient option for those who like to move a lot. Most bed sizes take two people to lift, but twin size beds of just about any material are usually easy for one person to lift and maneuver.
SEE ALSO: Twin vs. Full — What’s the Difference?
Twin XL Size Bed
Twin XL size bed dimensions: 38 by 80 inches
Minimum recommended room size: 9 by 10 feet
The twin XL size mattress is the same width as the regular twin. But it adds 5 inches of length for a dimension total of 38 by 80 inches. This makes the twin XL as long as the queen and king size mattresses.
The twin XL mattress is still a compact bed that fits in just about all the spaces that a regular twin can fit into. But the twin XL is long enough to accommodate most people, no matter their height.
That means the twin XL needs a longer room than the twin. Keep in mind that the general rule is you need two feet of space around three sides of your bed. Since the twin XL is over 6.5 feet long, you’ll need 10 feet of length to accommodate it. More if you plan on using bedroom furniture.
Don’t let that deter you, though. The twin XL can still fit right into the same places a regular twin can. That includes studio apartments, multipurpose guest rooms, and bunk beds.
Full Size Bed
Full size bed dimensions: 54 by 75 inches
Minimum recommended room size: 9 by 10 feet
The full size mattress (also called the double bed) is 54 by 75 inches. That makes it perfect for sleepers under six feet tall who like to have a little extra wiggle room to toss and turn.
Contrary to popular belief, the full size bed is not the best bed for couples. The name “double bed” might lead you to believe this bed can accommodate two sleepers. But in reality, the double bed only offers each of two sleepers the same amount of sleeping surface as a baby’s crib. That’s not exactly comfortable for two adults.
This means the full size mattress is a better fit for single adult sleepers who want more width to spread out but don’t have the room for the longer queen bed.
Just like the twin bed, the dimensions of a full mattress can comfortably accommodate the numerical majority of sleepers. But it isn’t a great fit for those over six feet tall.
Queen Size Bed
Queen size bed dimensions: 60 by 80 inches
Minimum recommended room size: 10 by 10 feet
The queen size mattress is the most popular bed size on the market—and with good reason. The 60 by 80-inch queen fits in just about any room and can accommodate just about any sleeper. At 80 inches long, the queen can comfortably sleep people of almost any height. And at 60 inches wide, it can offer most couples enough width to sleep comfortably.
The queen size bed can also fit in just about any bedroom. Unlike king and California king beds, queens can go in guest rooms and smaller master bedrooms.
Queens are also the cheapest bed size that can accommodate couples. Cal kings and kings will cost you a pretty penny. But quality queens can go for as little as a few hundred dollars.
King Size Bed
King size bed dimensions: 76 by 80 inches
Minimum recommended room size: 12 by 12 feet
King size mattresses are 76 by 80 inches. They come in at a cool 6,080 square inches, making them the largest standard bed size by total surface area.
These beds were literally designed with couples in mind. King size beds are the same size as two twin XL beds put together. That means they offer the same sleeping width as a twin and the same length as a queen. So they’re perfect for couples and taller sleepers alike.
King size beds might be designed for two sleepers, but that doesn’t make them for everyone. If you have a smaller bedroom, kings may not be for you.
Technically, you could stuff a king into a room as small as 10 by 9 feet. However, if you want comfortable wiggle room and space for furniture, it’s better to have a bedroom of 10 by 12 or 12 by 12 feet.
California King Size Bed
California king size bed dimensions: 72 by 84 inches
Minimum recommended room size: 12 by 12 feet
The California king bed was originally designed for the huge bedrooms found in opulent mansions in Southern California. These 72 by 84-inch beds fill out even the largest master bedrooms.
The California king does need a large bedroom. It’s a full 7 feet long by 6 feet wide. That means these beds will only fit in a room of at least 10 by 12 feet. A room this size will accommodate a California king size mattress and some bedroom furniture, though a 12 by 12-foot room is best for a Cal king.
California kings aren’t only for huge bedrooms. At 84 inches long, they’re also great for sleepers well over 6 feet tall. If you’re 6 foot 4 inches or more, California kings may just be the only standard mattress size on which you can really sleep comfortably.
So couples or even single sleepers who need an extra-long bed or a bed that can fill out their huge master bedrooms should consider a California king.
Quick Room-Size Guide
Below, we’ve listed the standard mattress sizes and the minimum bedroom size needed to fit each bed.
|Mattress Size||Recommended Room Size (feet)||Recommended Room Size (cm)|
|Crib||7 foot by 10 foot||213.3 cm by 304.8 cm|
|Twin||7 foot by 10 foot||213.3 cm by 304.8 cm|
|Twin XL||7 foot by 10 foot||213.3 cm by 304.8 cm|
|Full||9 foot by 10 foot||274.32 cm by 304.8 cm|
|Queen||10 foot by 10 foot||304.8 cm by 304.8 cm|
|King||10 foot by 12 foot||304.8 cm by 365.7 cm|
|California King||10 foot by 12 foot||304.8 cm by 365.7 cm|
Antique Beds and Irregular Mattress Sizes
If your home is filled with antiques and vintage finds, you may want an antique bed to fit your decor. The next challenge is to source an appropriate mattress.
Many antique beds were about three-quarters of the width of today’s full sized mattress. These smaller beds are often called three-quarter beds for this reason today. They are about 48 inches wide compared to 54 inches for today’s double mattress.
Many vintage beds are the same length as today’s full mattress at 75 inches. That said, variations based on time period and maker are common. Older antique beds might be much shorter.
Other irregular bed sizes include a Texas or athletic king (70 by 82 inches), California queen waterbed (60 by 84 inches), and California king waterbed (72 by 84 inches).
Thankfully, there are many mattress companies that specialize in custom orders for irregular or antique beds. Measure the interior dimensions of the bed frame you’ll use, then call mattress companies for their quotes.
You can also convert your vintage bed to work with a full mattress, but only attempt this if you are handy and have some time and guidance.
Aside from antique beds, there are irregular mattress sizes, like RV mattress sizes that are shorter and more compact to place less stress on a camper.
How to Choose a Mattress Size
There are several factors to determining the best bed size for you. Questions to ask yourself include how much room space a bed can take up and where the room is located, how many people will use the bed, and how much you can budget on a mattress.
How Big is the Room?
The first consideration is practical — your room size. You’ll need to make sure your bed will actually fit in the space. Measure the width of each wall, and consider the other furniture you’ll need to accommodate. If you are happy with a long and short side of the bed against the walls, you can fit a larger mattress.
Many people prefer to have space on either side of the bed, as it’s generally considered more aesthetically appealing. Measure any nightstands you plan to place there, and leave enough space to fit them comfortably on either side of the bed. Don’t forget your door will take up space as it swings open.
Where is the Bedroom?
This is not the most important consideration when shopping for mattresses, but it’s still worth considering. If your room is on the second floor or higher, you’ll have to think about how you’ll transport a larger mattress up to your bedroom. Choosing a king mattress in a box can make it easier to carry up a flight of stairs.
How Many Sleepers?
Once you’ve determined what will fit into your room, think about your lifestyle. Single sleepers might be happy with a double bed or even a twin. If multiple children sleep in one room, consider mattresses for bunk beds.
For those who share a mattress, you’ll likely want a queen size bed. If you have space for a larger mattress for couples in a master bedroom, you might sleep more comfortably in a king bed. Think about how luxurious it is to spend the night in a roomy hotel bed.
If you’re tall, you might want the extra length and legroom of a California king size. The California king is still wide enough to accommodate two sleepers, though it is narrower than a traditional king.
How Much To Spend?
The last aspect to consider is your budget. Naturally, larger mattresses cost more. A king size mattress is more expensive than a queen or a double, and a California king is even pricier. Twin or twin XL sizes are common choices when shopping budget mattresses.
You might want to spend more on your main sleeping space, since you will be using it every night and comfort is top priority. You can save on mattress in your guest room or similarly with a smaller mattress.
The type of mattress you’re interested in will also affect your budget. For example, hybrid and latex mattresses generally cost more than memory foam and traditional innerspring mattresses. So it may worth considering what else your ideal mattress has as you put together a budget.
Saving Money on All Mattress Sizes
Understanding when and where to do your mattress shopping can help you save significantly on the most comfortable mattress for your needs.
Know the Best Places to Shop
There are so many shops where you can buy a mattress, from mattress showrooms to furniture stores and even select department stores. What is the best place to buy a mattress, then?
A significant way to save money on any size is by looking at online mattresses. Not only is it more convenient to browse mattress options online, but the prices are often lower than what you would find in a more traditional mattress store.
Online mattresses are also typically mail order mattresses, so the bed will ship straight to your front door. In other words, you don’t have to leave your house to choose or pick up a mattress.
Know the Best Times To Shop
Another way to save money is by shopping for mattresses when they go on sale. The main mattress sales throughout the year are:
- Presidents Day Mattress Sales
- Memorial Day Mattress Sales
- 4th of July Mattress Sales
- Labor Day Mattress Sales
- Columbus Day Mattress Sales
- Black Friday Mattress Sales
- Cyber Monday Mattress Sales
By taking advantage of the best times to buy a mattress, you can snag even a luxurious king or Cal king mattress at an affordable price.
What is the best bed size for couples?
The best bed size for couples depends on what you need out of your bed. If you need a smaller, more affordable bed that you can both enjoy, a queen might be for you. If you need a long bed to accommodate an extra-tall partner, you may need a California king.
Those who need the standard amount of sleeping space for adults probably need a regular king. The standard king is also the size you need to plan for if you want to do a split king using two twin XL mattresses.
Which mattress sizes make a split king?
Two twin XL mattresses in the same standard king size mattress frame make a split king. Split kings are fantastic for a number of reasons. These beds allow couples to choose their firmness level and mattress material while still sleeping in the same bed. Split kings also allow you to use different adjustable base settings.
How big of a room do I need for a king size bed?
King size beds are almost a perfect square. They’re over 6 feet wide and more than 6 feet long. That means you need a room that’s at least 10 feet wide and 9 feet long. However, a king size bed will be stuffed pretty tight in a room that size, even though it will technically fit. Kings are better off in a 12 by 12-foot room to give you plenty of clearance and space for furniture.
Can I use box springs under a California king bed?
You can use box springs under any size bed as long as it’s an innerspring mattress. Box springs were designed for lighter-weight innerspring beds. So you can use a box spring set that corresponds to the size of your innerspring mattress, whatever size it is.
However, box springs will not work with any other mattress type, regardless of size. All-foam and hybrid mattresses are just too heavy for box springs. They’ll overcompress and break them.
What is the best bed size for tall sleepers?
That depends. If you’re 6 feet tall or just over, you should be able to sleep on any bed that’s 80+ inches long. That means twin XLs, queens, and kings will all work just fine.
If you’re several inches over 6 feet tall, you may have to get a California king. These 84-inch beds might be the only ones long enough to accommodate you.
Rest Easy With a New Mattress
Knowing popular mattress sizes can put standard dimensions into context. Once you have an idea of what your sleeping space can accommodate, think about the best mattress for your lifestyle.
A single person may want to save money and choose a smaller bed. Meanwhile, those sharing a mattress might prefer the extra space afforded by a queen or king. Tall people may need an extra-long bed.
Consider your lifestyle and budget before researching mattresses on the market. Sweet dreams and feel free to refer back to this mattress size guide as needed.